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世界賽艇錦標賽

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1概況

世界賽艇錦標賽(World Rowing Championships)是由國際賽艇聯合會舉辦的國際賽艇比賽。在北半球夏末舉行,比賽持續一周,在非奧運年是世界賽艇界的焦點。
首屆比賽於1962年在瑞士盧塞恩舉行,每四年舉辦一屆,從1974年開始每年一屆。也是從1974年開始增加男子輕量級和女子無差別級,1985年怎增加女子輕量級。從1996年開始在奧運年同時舉辦世界青少年賽艇錦標賽,2002年開始增加殘疾人項目。國際賽艇聯合會還從1997年起,每年舉辦賽艇世界盃(Rowing World Cup)。
賽艇包括23個船種,但在奧運年只比賽非奧運會項目。一般國家隊不重視非奧運項目,而把奧運會項目當作重要比賽。
下面的表格列出了船種,「O」說明既是奧運會項目也是世錦賽項目。「WC」說明它只是世錦賽項目。2007年後四人單槳有舵手將不再是世錦賽項目。

2賽艇比賽項目

比賽一般在22個不同的船隊之間展開,但在奧運年的時候,只有非奧運參賽船隊會參加,國家隊通常對這項賽事不是很重視,他們更看重奧運會的比賽。
下表列出了比賽的種類,O表明這項比賽在奧運會和錦標賽都有,WC表明這個項目只有在世錦賽才有。2007年後,私人槳已經不再作為世錦賽項目。
項目
男子
Lwt Men
女子
Lwt Women
1x
Single sculls
O
WC
O
WC
2x
Double sculls
O
O
O
O
2-
Coxless pairs
O
WC
O
2+
Coxed pairs
WC
4x
Quad sculls
O
WC
O
WC
4-
Coxless fours
O
O
WC
4+
Coxed fours
8+
Eights
O
WC
O

3歷屆舉辦地

Year
City
Country
Date
1962
Lucerne
Rotsee
Switzerland
1966
Bled
Lake Bled
Yugoslavia
1970
St. Catharines
Martindale Pond
Canada
1974
Lucerne
Rotsee
Switzerland
1975
Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
Great Britain
1977
Amsterdam
Bosbaan
Netherlands
1978
Hamilton
Lake Karapiro
New Zealand
1979
Bled
Lake Bled
Yugoslavia
1980
Hazewinkel
Belgium
1981
Munich
Oberschleißheim
Germany
1982
Lucerne
Rotsee
Switzerland
1983
Duisburg
Germany
1984
Montreal
Île Notre-Dame
Canada
1985
Hazewinkel
Belgium
1986
Nottingham
Holme Pierrepont
Great Britain
1987
Copenhagen
Denmark
1988
Milan
Italy
1989
Bled
Lake Bled
Yugoslavia
1990
Tasmania
Lake Barrington
Australia
October 24 – November 4
1991
Vienna
Austria
August 24 – August 25
1992
Montreal
Île Notre-Dame
Canada
1993
Račice
Roudnice
Czech Republic
May 8 – May 9
1994
Indianapolis
Eagle Creek Park
United States
September 17 – September 18
1995
Tampere
Kaukajaervi
Finland
August 25 – August 27
1996
Motherwell
Strathclyde Country Park
United Kingdom
August 5 – August 11)
1997
Aiguebelette
France
August 31 – September 7
1998
Cologne
Fuehlingen
Germany
September 6 – September 13
1999
St. Catharines
Martindale Pond
Canada
August 22 – August 29
2000
Zagreb
Jarun
Croatia
August 1 – August 6
2001
Lucerne
Rotsee
Switzerland
August 19 – August 26
2002
Seville
Guadalquivir
Spain
September 15 – September 22
2003
Milan
Idroscalo
Italy
August 24 – August 31
2004
Banyoles
Lake of Banyoles
Spain
July 27 – August 1
2005
Kaizu, Gifu
Nagaragawa International Regatta Course
Japan
August 29 – September 4
2006
Dorney
Dorney Lake
Great Britain
August 20 – August 27
2007
Munich
Oberschleißheim
Germany
August 26 – September 2
2008
Ottensheim
Austria
July 20 – July 27
2009
Poznań
Lake Malta
Poland
August 23 – August 30
2010
Hamilton
Lake Karapiro
New Zealand
October 29 – November 7
2011
Bled
Lake Bled
Slovenia
August 28 – September 4
2012
Plovdiv
Bulgaria
July 18 – July 21
2013
Chungju
Tangeum Lake
South Korea
August 25 – September 1
2014
Amsterdam
Bosbaan
Netherlands
August 24 – August 31
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