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中國21世紀議程管理中心

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中國21世紀議程管理中心,於1994年3月25日經中央機構編製委員會辦公室批准成立,是國家科學技術部直屬的國家全額撥款的事業單位。

  

  中心的主要職責是:承擔中國21世紀議程項目管理的有關工作;承擔國家高技術研究發展計劃資源環境技術、海洋技術領域計劃項目的過程管理和基礎性工作;承擔國家科技攻關計劃中資源、環境、公共安全及其他社會事業等領域和城市發展相關項目的過程管理和基礎性工作;承擔國家科技基礎條件平台建設計劃中科學數據共享平台、社會發展領域國家工程中心等的有關工作,推動可持續發展信息共享工作;承擔氣候變化等全球環境科技工作的組織實施,承擔清潔發展機制(CDM)等方面工作和項目的組織實施工作;承擔區域科技發展的有關工作,以及可持續發展實驗區管理工作,推動地方21世紀議程和地方可持續發展的實施工作;開展清潔技術生產、生態工業、循環經濟以及可持續發展領域的信息、技術與管理諮詢服務,推動社會發展領域科技成果示範與推廣,推動可持續發展能力建設工作;承擔可持續發展等領域的國際科技合作與交流工作;研究可持續發展相關領域的發展狀況、趨勢和重大問題,為科技部宏觀決策提出建議與對策;承擔有關司局委託的工作;承擔部領導交辦的其他工作。

  中心成立以來,以推進《中國21世紀議程》實施,促進國家可持續發展為宗旨,依靠一支年輕化、專業化、國際化的精幹團隊,促進了《中國21世紀議程》及其優先項目的實施;通過開展國家科技計劃中資源、環境、海洋、醫藥等領域的項目管理及成果推廣和產業化示範工作,依靠科技進步促進了可持續發展;開展了一系列可持續發展領域的戰略與政策研究,為政府宏觀決策提供了有力支撐;通過開展可持續發展實驗區的建設和管理,促進了地方的可持續發展;開展了中國可持續發展信息網路建設,促進了中國可持續發展領域的信息交流與共享;通過廣泛開展可持續發展領域的國際合作,促進了中國與世界其他國家和地區在可持續發展領域的交流與合作;此外,通過開展可持續發展的宣傳、教育、培訓、技術諮詢與服務等項工作,促進了公眾可持續發展意識的提高。總之,通過十多年工作的開展,在促進國家可持續發展戰略中,與政府部門、研究機構、社會團體和企業界建立了良好合作關係;與國際社會卓有成效的合作,贏得了良好的國際聲譽,為促進中國社會實現可持續發展做出了貢獻。

  中國21世紀議程管理中心將以「三個代表」重要思想為指導,全面落實科學發展觀,以改革創新為動力,繼往開來,團結奮進,勵精圖治,為構建和諧社會,實現可持續發展做出貢獻。

  隊伍建設

  擁有一支年輕、精幹、敬業、向上的專業隊伍,囊括了資源、環境、經濟等專業領域。知識水平與業務能力俱佳。學歷層次較高,其中碩士、博士、博士后各在相關領域內做出了突出貢獻。中心下設八個處。

  綜合與監督處

  處長:柯兵

  * 貫徹落實有關事業單位改革與發展的方針、政策,研究分析中心整體運行狀況,完善中心各項規章制度,為中心領導班子決策提出建議。

  * 協助中心領導協調中心行政的事務、承辦政務綜合、文件審核與管理、印章管理、工作督辦、會議、後勤保障、機要文件管理、信息安全和保密等工作,承擔中心內部行政監察工作。

  * 承擔中心工作人員的聘用、培訓、考核、監督、獎懲、工資福利和相關人事檔案管理,以及中心機構、職責與編製管理等工作。

  * 承擔中心財務、資產和經費管理等工作,承擔中心相關經費預、決算的財務審核、監督等工作。

  * 承擔中心對外聯絡與協調,以及外事管理工作。

  * 承擔對有關科技計劃項目和專項科技工作的過程管理和基礎性工作的監督工作。

  * 承辦中心簡報編製和政務信息報送工作。

  * 協助中心領導,承擔分管社團的業務活動、財務資產、年度檢查、對外交往、學術交流、辦報辦刊等的指導、監督工作。

  * 承擔中心黨支部和工會的日常工作,承擔中心安全保衛、離退休人員等具體工作。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  戰略與政策研究處

  處長:周海林

  * 承擔關於可持續發展的重大戰略問題,以及可持續發展的國際動態、重大國際熱點等研究工作。

  * 承擔循環經濟、建設資源節約型和環境友好型社會等重大問題的研究工作。

  * 承擔公共安全、城市發展、社會公益及地方和區域可持續發展等領域的政策研究工作。

  * 承擔可持續發展能力建設以及宣傳培訓工作,推動可持續發展戰略以及國家可持續發展相關政策的實施。

  * 開展面向發展中國家制定21世紀議程等可持續發展規劃的培訓和諮詢服務。

  * 承擔與聯合國可持續發展委員會(CSD)等有關國際組織的交流與合作工作。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作

  社會事業與區域發展處

  處長:潘曉東

  * 承擔攻關計劃公共安全、城市發展等領域項目的受理、篩選、中期檢查和項目驗收工作,提出項目立項建議、項目調整建議和項目驗收意見建議;參與跨部門、綜合性項目的組織實施管理工作;承擔攻關計劃公共安全、城市發展等領域的數據管理、文檔管理等基礎工作。

  * 承擔西部開發、振興東北老工業基地、奧運科技等科技行動專項和社會公益研究專項的過程管理工作,承擔數據匯總、信息、檔案資料管理等基礎性工作。

  * 承擔國家可持續發展實驗區辦公室的日常工作,承擔實驗區的受理、評審、中期檢查、驗收評審以及示範推廣等具體工作。

  * 承擔公共安全、城市發展、社會公益及地方和區域可持續發展等領域的成果推廣、宣傳與培訓工作。

  * 承擔地方、區域可持續發展以及社會事業方面的國際合作與交流工作。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  信息處

  副處長:邵宇賓

  * 承擔可持續發展信息共享及相關科技計劃項目的過程管理和基礎性工作。

  * 承擔中國可持續發展信息共享系統的建設和運行管理工作,開展基於信息共享的決策支持和服務工作。

  * 承擔科學數據共享工程辦公室的日常工作、科學數據共享工程門戶網站的建設工作,以及科學數據共享工程平台建設的相關工作。

  * 負責中心網站、網路及其他指定網站和應用系統的建設與信息采編等日常管理工作。

  * 承擔科技部、國家發改委「災害綜合研究組辦公室」的日常工作。

  * 開展可持續發展信息共享的國際合作與交流;

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  資源環境處

  處長:王磊

  * 組織編製863計劃資源環境技術領域專題指南,承擔專題課題的申請受理、形式審查、評審評標、檢查驗收、課題經費預算的審核和評審,以及任務合同書的審核等工作。

  * 承擔863計劃資源環境技術領域部分重大、重點項目的組織實施工作,承擔項目課題的申請受理、形式審查、評審評標、經費預算評審、任務合同書審核、檢查驗收等工作,提出項目的課題立項建議、課題調整建議和課題驗收意見。

  * 承擔863計劃資源環境技術領域有關數據統計分析、年度報告編製、資料檔案管理和出版物等基礎性工作。

  * 承擔863計劃資源環境技術領域專家組的支撐和服務工作。

  * 承擔攻關計劃資源環境領域項目的受理、篩選、中期檢查和項目驗收工作,提出項目立項建議、項目調整建議和項目驗收意見建議;參與跨部門、綜合性項目的組織實施管理工作;承擔攻關計劃資源環境領域的數據管理、文檔管理、宣傳等基礎工作。

  * 研究資源環境領域科技發展狀況、趨勢和重大問題,提出相關建議。

  * 開展資源環境領域的國際科技合作與交流。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  海洋處

  副處長:孫清

  * 組織編製863計劃海洋技術領域專題指南,承擔專題課題的申請受理、形式審查、評審評標、檢查驗收、課題經費預算的審核和評審,以及任務合同書的審核等工作。

  * 承擔863計劃海洋技術領域部分重大、重點項目的組織實施工作,承擔項目課題的申請受理、形式審查、評審評標、經費預算評審、任務合同書審核、檢查驗收等工作,提出項目的課題立項建議、課題調整建議和課題驗收意見。

  * 承擔863計劃海洋技術領域有關數據統計分析、年度報告編製、資料檔案管理和出版物等基礎性工作。

  * 承擔863計劃海洋技術領域專家組的支撐和服務工作。

  * 承擔攻關計劃海洋領域項目的受理、篩選、中期檢查和項目驗收工作,提出項目立項建議、項目調整建議和項目驗收意見建議;參與跨部門、綜合性項目的組織實施管理工作;承擔攻關計劃海洋領域的數據管理、文檔管理、宣傳等基礎工作。

  * 研究海洋領域科技發展狀況、趨勢和重大問題,提出相關建議。

  * 開展海洋領域的國際科技合作與交流。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  全球環境處

  處長:

  * 承擔科技部全球環境辦公室的日常工作,為全球環境科技協調領導小組、顧問委員會和專家組提供支撐服務。

  * 承擔科技計劃中有關全球環境領域項目的過程管理和基礎性工作。

  * 參與氣候變化等全球環境公約的談判與國內履約工作。

  * 承擔與全球環境相關的科技宣傳、培訓等能力建設工作。

  * 承擔與全球環境相關的重大問題研究,提出相關對策建議。

  * 開展全球環境領域的國際科技合作與交流。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  清潔技術發展處

  處長: 彭斯震

  * 組織開展清潔發展機制(CDM)國際合作項目的開發、實施管理與技術服務。

  * 承擔清潔發展機制(CDM)科技計劃項目的過程管理工作。

  * 開展清潔技術、資源節約與循環利用技術以及環境無害化技術的項目開發、科技示範與推廣。

  * 承擔與清潔生產、生態工作、循環經濟以及可持續商業發展相關的培訓與能力建設、國際科技合作以及面向社會與企業的信息、技術與管理諮詢服務工作。

  * 承擔中美可持續發展中心中方秘書處工作。

  * 承辦中心領導交辦的其他工作。

  ACCA21: An Introduction

  The Administrative Center for China's Agenda 21 (ACCA21) was established in 1994 with the approval of the Central Government. ACCA21 is affiliated with the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) and, with regard to some functions, also operates under the leadership of the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC). In 1998, ACCA21 was merged with the China Innovation Center for Life Science and additionally took over some functions from MOST.

  Mission: Promoting the implementation of China's Agenda 21 and sustainable development in China.

  Objectives:

  1. Manage the day-to-day affairs and facilitate the implementation of China's Agenda 21 and its Priority Programme

  2. Conduct policy and strategy research in the area of sustainable development providing policy support to government decision-making

  3. Foster international cooperation and exchange in the area of sustainable development

  4. Promote the development of experimental communities for sustainable development, and build local capacity

  5. Build a national information sharing network for sustainable development promoting information exchange and sharing

  6. Coordinate and implement research projects and pilot commercialization of research findings for key national research programmes concerning natural resources, the environment and pharmaceutics

  7. Enhance public awareness of sustainable development through publicity, education, and training programs

  Strengths:

  1. A young, professional and internationally oriented team

  2. Sound collaborative relations with government offices, research institutes, social organizations and businesses

  3. Effective cooperation with the international community

  4. Well-informed of the latest developments in the theory and practice of sustainable development, both at home and abroad

  Organizational structure:

  Affiliated agencies:

  · Office for State Experimental Communities for Sustainable Development

  · Disaster Relief Office of the Ministry of Science and Technology, the State Development Planning Commission, and the State Economic and Trade Commission

  · China Society for Sustainable Development

  · China's Population, Resources and Environment magazine

  · Office of the EU-China Environmental Management Cooperation Programme

  · Secretariat of the China-US Center for Sustainable Development

  I. Formulation of China's Agenda 21

  On 25 March 1994, the State Council of China approved China's Agenda 21: White Paper on China's Population, Environment and Development in the 21st Century. On that same day, ACCA21 was established. China's Agenda 21 was the first national blueprint for sustainable development formulated after the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. It was conceived as a guiding document for medium- and long-term socio-economic development planning for all levels of government. More than 50 government departments and 300 national and international experts were involved in the White Paper's drafting process, which was coordinated by staff of ACCA21.

  Captions:

  1. The White Paper

  2. A preparatory workshop on China's Agenda 21

  3. High-level roundtable conference on China's Agenda 21 in 1994

  4. President Jiang Zemin meets with delegates to the roundtable

  II. Implementation of the Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21

  ACCA21 was authorized by the Central Government to conduct feasibility studies, select projects, and formulate the Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21. The Priority Programme, an international cooperation programme to advance China's Agenda 21, was launched in 1994 comprising 128 projects in nine priority areas.

  The Priority Programme won strong support from the international community. More than 30 foreign governments, international organizations, international financial institutions, non-governmental organizations and multinational agencies have participated in the programme with more than US$500 million international investment.

  Captions:

  1. The Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21(First version)

  2. The Priority Programme for China's Agenda 21(Revised and expanded version)

  III. Promotion of Sustainable Development on a Local Level

  One special feature for China to implement the strategy of sustainable development is to conduct pilot and demonstration programmes on a local level. ACCA21 has played a pivotal role in this process in two ways.

  First, building local capacity by piloting local Agenda 21 programmes on provincial and prefectural levels. For this purpose, in 1997, SDPC and MOST selected 16 provinces and municipalities (including Beijing and Hubei). ACCA21 helped those pilot areas to formulate their agendas and initiate sustainable development adapted to local conditions. By the end of 2001, 25 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions as well as many localities had set up special offices for implementing their individual Local Agenda 21 programmes.

  Second, supporting the management of "state experimental communities for sustainable development" in typical districts of metropolises or counties. By the end of 2001, 40 state-level communities and more than 60 provincial-level communities were established.

  ACCA21 also manages the day-to-day affairs of the MOST programme "Invigorating Cities (Counties) Through Science and Technology".

  UNDP has provided great support to China's local capacity building. After completing a fact-finding mission to China on local sustainability, a United Nations evaluation team for global sustainable development concluded that China has led the world consistently in sustainable development.

  Captions:

  1. Distribution of the experimental communities across the country (red: state experimental communities; green: provincial experimental communities).

  2. Before and after situations of the air in the pilot city of Benxi

  3. biogas demonstration project in the experimental communitay of Zhengding

  4. A national workshop on the performance of the experimental communities

  5. Newsletters on local Sustainable Development

  IV. Policy and Strategy Studies

  One of the core functions of ACCA21 has been to conduct policy and strategy studies to advise government decision-making and guide local practices of sustainable development.

  In this regard, ACCA21 has participated in the drafting of important national documents such as:

  · China's Agenda 21: Outline for Sustainable Development

  · Science and Technology Outline for Sustainable Development

  · Special Report on Population, Resources, Environment and Sustainable Development in conjunction with the drafting of the 10th Five-Year Plan

  · Research Report on the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Strategy in the 10th Five-Year Plan

  In addition, ACCA21 has also done policy research for MOST and SDPC, drafted documents for a series of important meetings, and participated in the drafting of other governmental plans and programmes.

  Areas of research:

  · Strategies and practices of local sustainability

  · Scenarios of sustainable development in China

  · Comparison of domestic international practices in sustainable development

  · Globalization and sustainable development

  · Global climate change

  · Indicators of sustainable development

  · Science and technology development strategies concerning resources, the environment and medicine

  ACCA21 works closely with domestic and international agencies; many of its research findings have been highly acclaimed both at home and abroad.

  Captions:

  1. Publications on sustainable development by ACCA21.

  2. International seminar on sustainable development indicators held in Harbin.

  V. Management of National Science and Technology Programmes

  MOST promotes technological advancement and innovation in the area of sustainable development through two major programmes: the National Key R&D Programme and the High-Tech R&D Programme (863 Programme). At the behest of MOST, ACCA21 undertakes process management and public services for research projects under these two schemes ranging from population, medicine, natural resources to environmental sciences. ACCA21 also manages public bidding and tendering for major research projects.

  Captions:

  1-4. Resource and environment subjects under the 863 Programme

  5. Evaluation of strategic objectives for environmental and resource areas under the 863 Programme

  6. A bid-opening ceremony for an air pollution project for Beijing

  6. Evaluation meeting of a research project in ecologically fragile parts of western China

  7. Evaluation of a project to modernize and commercialize traditional Chinese medicine

  8. A national safety evaluation and research center for new medicine in Shanghai

  VI. Information Sharing for Sustainable Development

  Since 1996, ACCA21 has built up a network center and information network for sustainable development in China to improve information sharing and integration and to meet the needs of the government, research institutes and the general public for information on sustainable development. This network is a databank group management system that for the first time in China made it possible to share information on sustainable development. It is revolutionary in easing the bottlenecks that impede information sharing by formulating a sharing policy and introducing mechanisms, standards and technologies.

  A specially established network center links all the Agenda 21 Administrative Offices at central and local levels, local pilots and state experimental communities across the country, publicizing best practices and sharing information on new technologies and products. The network center integrates all the information in the area of sustainable development and makes it publicly available via the Internet hosting nearly 100 databases on China's population, natural resources, environment, society, economy, and disasters, all of them being freely accessible to the public. It also seeks to build an accurate, real-time and dynamic assessment and analytic tool, develop information products tailored to the needs of different industries and users, and build a number of decision-making support mechanisms for the government.

  Captions:

  1. The homepage of the center.

  2. The information network for sustainable development

  3. The sustainable development database

  VII. International Cooperation

  Since its founding, ACCA21 has conducted effective exchange and cooperation with multilateral organizations such as the United Nations, APEC, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank; dozens of developed and developing countries including the United States, Sweden, Germany, Canada, the Netherlands and Viet Nam; and foreign companies, research institutes, and universities. Such cooperative programmes have promoted international investment and technical assistance to China in the area of sustainable development, enhanced international understanding of and support for China, and built up capacities for sustainable development at departmental and local levels. Major partners and projects:

  UNDP

  Assisted China between 1992-1998 in formulating and implementing China's Agenda 21, UNDP launched three phases of technical assistance projects to China through its "Capacity building 21 Programme". The aim of the projects was to incorporate China's Agenda 21 into economic and social development planning at the national and local levels.

  Asian Development Bank

  To promote the transfer and application of environmentally sound technologies in China, the Asian Development Bank collaborated with MOST in helping ACCA21 build the Center for Environmentally Sound Technology Transfer and two sub-centers through two phases of technical aid projects implemented during 1997-2001,

  European Union

  The Environmental Management Cooperation Programme (EMCP) is a major aid programme the European Commission has started in China. Launched in 2001, the programme will be completed in four years. The EU provides 13 million Euros to EMCP, which consists of four parts: institutional development, local and urban development, industrial development, information management and promotion of applications. The aim of the project is to boost China's institutional capacity building for environmental management, improve the level of management of personnel, and enhance exchange and cooperation between the two sides in environmental management, environmentally friendly technology transfer, capacity building, and information network building and sharing.

  Sweden

  Co-sponsored by MOST and the International Development Agency of the Swedish government and jointly implemented by ACCA21 and the LIFE Partners of Sweden, four cities were selected as pilots: the Western District of Beijing, Nanyang City of Henan Province, Panzhihua City of Sichuan Province, Shenhe District of Shenyang City. LIFE Partners sent experts to those locations providing consulting services and conducting training programmes. The consulting services were customized to meet specific needs of different localities such as cleaner production, public participation, energy efficiency, solar energy, forestry management, and flood control.

  The United States

  In July 1998, during a visit to China by President Bill Clinton, China and the United States signed a work statement between China's MOST and the US Department of Energy. Both sides agreed to build a medium-sized energy-saving office building in Beijing that will house ACCA21. The building will adopt advanced energy-saving concepts and cost-effective technologies, materials and equipment. Compared with existing Chinese buildings, the new building will save energy by more than 35%.

  Developing Countries

  China's practices in implementing Agenda 21 and promoting local sustainability provide useful examples to other developing countries. Over the past several years, ACCA21 has received delegations from more than 10 developing countries, such as Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Mongolia, Vietnam, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Kazakstan, Kirgizstan, and Zimbabwe. ACCA21 briefed them on China's experience and provided training on policy and management, implementation of Agenda 21, environmentally friendly technology transfer, and application of information networks.

  International Cooperation in Medical Science and Technology

  ACCA21 has organized two workshops held annually by MOST, one in cooperation with the Italian Foreign Ministry, another one with the Swiss company Novartis both addressing hot issues in medical science and technology. These workshops are repeated on a yearly basis.

  Captions:

  1. Mr. Nitin DESAI, UN Under-Secretary-General, visiting ACCA21 in April 2002

  2. UN forum in Beijing in 2002 organized by ACCA21

  3. ADB project conference

  4. EMCP launching meeting held at ACCA21

  5. Chinese trainees visiting an organic farm in Sweden

  6. Chinese-US energy efficiency demonstration building

  7. A Vietnamese delegation visiting the experimental community in Beijing

  8. China-Novartis symposium on medical science and technology

  VIII. Intermediary and Consultancy Services

  Providing value-added and tailor-made services to the general public as well as to enterprises is a core responsibility of ACCA21 that is carried out by both the Center for Environmentally Sound Technology Transfer and the Center for Promotion of Medical Science and Technology. They provide market-oriented consulting services, conduct policy research on technology transfer and promote the commercialization of environmental and medical research findings.

  Captions:

  1. Website of the APEC Virtual Center

  2. Demo project for technology transfer

  3. Promoting investment for Taihu Lake's ecology

  4. Energy-efficient straw bale house

  5. Eco-tourism workshop

  IX. Training and Awareness Raising for Sustainable Development

  Extensive public participation is key to the implementation of China's Agenda 21 and sustainable development. ACCA21 seeks to promote public awareness and encourage public participation through publicity campaigns and training programmes.

  Training

  Over the past several years, ACCA21 has held dozens of training programmes for thousands of government officials, researchers and managers. Training materials cover China's Agenda 21, incorporating China's Agenda 21 into national economic planning, local capacity building, network building, environmentally friendly technology transfer, western development and sustainability. In addition, ACCA21 has also sent people abroad for training.

  Publication

  ACCA21 raises awareness of the general public by publishing a magazine, newsletters, books, audio-video materials and other publications on sustainable development.

  Captions:

  1. A high-level training workshop on China's Agenda 21

  2. Training on environmentally sound technology transfer

  3. Training material for China's Agenda 21

  4. China's Population, Resources and Environment magazine

  Public Participation

  ACCA21 actively promotes public participation and encourages stakeholders to take part in the implementation of China's Agenda 21.

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