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分隔或分離所屬現代詞,指的是有關詞序的問題, 是關於兩個本應緊密相連的句子成分被其他句子成分分開的一種語言現象。

分隔
 形容詞分句與其先行詞的分隔

形容詞分句總是位於與它發生關係的先行詞後面,先行詞通常是名詞片語;有時候,形容詞分句也

可以與先行詞分隔,而不致引起歧義。例如:
--I know of a place on that mountain where we can find this kind of plant.
--But on the next day a swelling rapidly developed which Threatened the viability of the hand..
--George was the only boy at school that I really liked.
--I put the books in the cupboard which you read yesterday.
--A war broke out which lasted for forty years.
--He lived in the house near us that/which was wrecked. 

-ing分詞或-ed分詞與其所修飾的名詞分隔

有時一個複合賓語的兩部分可以顛倒,使分詞短語緊跟在謂語後面,這樣安排句子顯得比較平穩。例

如:
--They found sitting on his bed a man dressed like a worker.
--They found half hidden in the rock a plant which they had never seen before.
--Can you make out who those people are standing by Mr.White ?
--There were quite a few people on the platform waiting for the train. 

同位語(從句)與其先行詞的分隔
如果主句謂語較短或前一同位成分的名詞中心詞帶有修飾語,那麼that-分句可以與同位的名詞片語

隔開,或者與名詞中心詞隔開。例如:
--The fact remains that there is no filling station here.
--The law is well known that to every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
--Suddenly the thought came to me that he could go blind.
--An order came from Berlin that no language but German be taught in the school.
--The belief is commonly held that foreigners are responsible for all their economic trouble.
--We heard the story from her own lips of how she was embarrassed by two kids.

介詞短語與形容詞/名詞的分隔

有時為了修辭的需要,將表語提前,這就造成形容詞表語與介詞片語的分隔。例如:
--Very grateful we are for your help.
用作後置修飾語的介詞片語也可后移而與名詞中心詞分隔。例如:
--The question will arise of how to allocate these funds most fairly .
--A report has just been issued on meals served to children in schools.
當名詞片語帶有表示"除…外"的介詞片語作修飾語時,介詞片語常置於句尾,與中心詞分隔,以保

持句子平衡。例如:
--All the essays are good except John's.
--There's nothing to be seen there but water.
--Everybody thinks so but you.
--Everybody must study, not excepting those who have a good grasp of Marxism.
註:其他分隔類型,如主謂的分隔、動賓的分隔,更為多見。例如:
--Your ambition, to become a farmer, requires the energy and perseverance that you so obviously have.
--Julia, being a nun, spent much of her life in prayer and meditation.
--This substance, discovered almost by accident, has revolutionized medicine.
--The old man, being of sane mind, dictated and signed his will.
--We took Joe, unable to stand because of weakness, to the nearest hospital.
--I doubt, speaking as a layman, whether television is the right medium for that story.
--We'll go, when you're ready, to my parents' place.
--The cross-examination, in expert hands, lasted only half an hour.
--The cross-examination, which lasted only half an hour, was expertly handled.
--The cross-examination, lasting only half an hour, was expertly handled
--Their tent, though light as a feather, remained firm.
--Our President announced at the meeting that we were to set up branches in many other cities .
--Your suggestion, to be frank, will only get us into trouble.
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