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基督教音樂(Christian music)是唱歌讚美上帝是基督教宗教儀式的重要組成部分。這些讚美上帝的歌曲最初是用樂器伴奏的。所用的樂器有:琴、瑟、鈸、號角等。中世紀的基督教會裡,除管風琴外,一切樂器都被禁止使用,只有單聲部、自由節奏的無伴奏素歌是合法的教會歌曲。西方教會的素歌(又稱聖詠)有4派:以米蘭主教聖安布羅斯命名的「安布羅斯歌」、法國教會的「高盧素歌」、西班牙教會的「莫薩拉布素歌」、以羅馬教皇格列高利一世命名的「格列高利素歌」。8世紀以後,格列高利素歌成為西方教會歌曲的最高準則。

1歷史沿革

英文介紹
Contemporary Christian music first came onto the scene of popular music during the Jesus movement revival of the late 1960s and early 1970s. "About that time, many young people from the sixties' counterculture professed to believe in Jesus. Convinced of the bareness of a lifestyle based on drugs, free sex, and radical politics, 'hippies' became 'Jesus people'" . Of course there were people who felt like Jesus was another "trip", It can be assumed that many people took it seriously and revivals sprang fourth. When such awakenings happened new music became popular. "The 'Jesus Movement' of the 1970s was when things really started changing and Christian music began to become an industry within itself." The hippies created the "Jesus Movement", by playing their instruments about love and peace, which then translated into love of God. Paul Wohlegemuth, who wrote the book Rethinking the Church said, "[the] 1970s will see a marked acceptance of rock-influenced music in all levels of church music. The rock style will become more familiar to all people, its rhythmic excesses will become refined, and its earlier secular associations will be less remembered."He was basically saying that hippies became more cultured with their music and less rebellious. When they became more cultured, they started focusing on God.
One of the first, popular "Jesus music" albums was Upon This Rock (1969) by Larry Norman initially released on Capitol Records. Unlike traditional or southern gospel music, this new Jesus music was birthed out of rock and roll and folk rockmusic. The pioneers of this movement also included 2nd Chapter of Acts, Andraé Crouch and the Disciples, Love Song, Petra, and Barry McGuire. Evie Tornquist-Karlsson was possibly one of the most well-known of the Jesus music artists
while "Honeytree" was known as the first lady of CCM and has been recording music for over twent years. The small Jesus music culture had expanded into a multi-million-dollar industry by the 1980s. During that period many CCM artists such as Amy Grant, dc Talk, Michael W. Smith, Stryper, and Jars of Clay had found crossover success with Top 40 mainstream radio play. Currently, Christian music sales exceed those for classical, jazz, Latin, New Age, and soundtrack music
當代基督教音樂(Contemporary Christian music) Contemporary Christian music(orCCM or "inspirational music") is a genre of popular music which is lyrically focused on matters concerned with the Christian faith. The term is typically used to refer to the Nashville, Tennessee–based pop, rock, and worship Christian music industry, currently represented by artists such as
Avalon, BarlowGirl, Jeremy Camp, Casting Crowns, Steven Curtis Chapman, David Crowder Band, Amy Grant, Natalie Grant, Jars of Clay, MercyMe, Newsboys, Chris Tomlin, Hillsong, Michael W. Smith, Rebecca St. James, Third Day, tobyMac, and a host of others. The industry is represented in Billboard Magazine's "Top Christian Albums" and "Hot Christian Songs" charts,and by Radio & Records magazine's Christian AC (Adult Contemporary), Christian CHR (Contemporary Hit Radio), Christian Rock, and Inspirational (INSPO) airplay charts,as well as the iTunes Store's "Christian & Gospel" genre. Not all popular music which lyrically identifies with Christianity is normally considered Contemporary Christian Music. For example, many punk, hardcore, and holy hip-hop groups deal explicitly with issues of faith but are not a part of the Nashville industry. Also, several mainstream artists such as Bob Dylan, The Byrds, Lifehouse, U2, and rapper DMX have dealt with Christian themes in their work but are not considered CCM artists.
History
Contemporary Christian music first came onto the scene of popular music during the Jesus movement revival of the late 1960s and early 1970s. "About that time, many young people from the sixties' counterculture professed to believe in Jesus. Convinced of the bareness of a lifestyle based on drugs, free sex, and radical politics, 'hippies' became 'Jesus people'" . Of course there were people who felt like Jesus was another "trip", It can be assumed that many people took it seriously and revivals sprang fourth. When such awakenings happened new music became popular. "The 'Jesus Movement' of the 1970s was when things really started changing and Christian music began to become an industry within itself." The hippies created the "Jesus Movement", by playing their instruments about love and peace, which then translated into love of God. Paul Wohlegemuth, who wrote the book Rethinking the Church said, "[the] 1970s will see a marked acceptance of rock-influenced music in all levels of church music. The rock style will become more familiar to all people, its rhythmic excesses will become refined, and its earlier secular associations will be less remembered."He was basically saying that hippies became more cultured with their music and less rebellious. When they became more cultured, they started focusing on God.
One of the first, popular "Jesus music" albums was Upon This Rock (1969) by Larry Norman initially released on Capitol Records. Unlike traditional or southern gospel music, this new Jesus music was birthed out of rock and roll and folk rockmusic. The pioneers of this movement also included 2nd Chapter of Acts, Andraé Crouch and the Disciples, Love Song, Petra, and Barry McGuire. Evie Tornquist-Karlsson was possibly one of the most well-known of the Jesus music artists
while "Honeytree" was known as the first lady of CCM and has been recording music for over twent years. The small Jesus music culture had expanded into a multi-million-dollar industry by the 1980s. During that period many CCM artists such as Amy Grant, dc Talk, Michael W. Smith, Stryper, and Jars of Clay had found crossover success with Top 40 mainstream radio play. Currently, Christian music sales exceed those for classical, jazz, Latin, New Age, and soundtrack music

2Controversy

Contemporary Christian music has been a topic of controversy in various ways since its beginnings in the 1960s. The Christian college Bob Jones University prohibits its dormitory students from listening to CCM.Others simply find the concept of Christian pop/rock music to be an unusual phenomenon, since rock music has historically been associated with themes such as sexual promiscuity, rebellion, drug and alcohol use, and other topics normally considered antithetical to the teachings of Christianity.
In her article, Kim Jones explores this change in the face of Christian music saying, "Up until the late 1960s, Christian music invoked images of church, hymnals and organs. The face of Christian music has spent the last 30+ years evolving and growing. Pipe organs have been set aside for electric guitars and drums…People who enjoy Contemporary Christian Music, want to feel like God is here and now, not some dusty relic from the dark ages that can't possibly understand the issues of today"
Contemporary Christian Music caused a huge change in society. Christian music is no longer stuck in the church, but is now everywhere. "Christian music has extended from the church to the radio, television, concert halls and huge rallies and festivals."
Paul Baker, author of Contemporary Christian Music, addressed the question, "Is the music a ministry, or is it entertainment? Opinions were as varied as the people expressing them. One fact must be brought out, however. The motives, on both sides, were nearly always sincere and well intentioned, rarely malicious."
"The responsibility of the church is not to provide escape from reality," according to Ellsworth, the author of Christian Music in Contemporary Witness, "but to give answers to contemporary problems through legitimate, biblical means. The lighter, softer rock styles still allow for the communication of the text." The biblical lyrics in CCM relate to more recent problems we might be facing in today's society

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