1 孟加拉塔卡 - 孟加拉塔卡簡介
ISO 4217 Code：BDT
Source：The World Factbook, 2006 est.
Freq. used ：1, 2, 5 Taka
Rarely used：1, 5, 10, 25, 50 paisa
Banknotes：1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 taka
Central bank：Bangladesh Bank
The taka is the official currency of Bangladesh. Also, in neighboring India, speakers of Bengali and Assamese use the term taka to refer to the Indian rupee. In Bangladesh, the symbol ৳ (or Tk, in English) is used to represent taka; for example, ৳৫০, ৳50 or Tk 50 would represent 50 taka. It is subdivided into 100 paise (sometimes spelled poisha)
2 孟加拉塔卡 - History
The word is derived from the Sanskrit tanka which was an ancient, even in medieval times, denomination of silver coin. The term taka was widely used in different parts of India but with varying meanings. In north India, taka was a copper coin equal to two paise and in the south, it was equal to four paisa or one anna. It was only in Bengal and orissa where taka was equal to the rupee. In all areas of India, taka was used informally for money in general. But Bengal was the stronghold of taka.
Rupee was introduced by the Turko-Afghan rulers and was strongly upheld by the Mughals and the British rulers. The Bengali people always used the word taka for the rupee, whether silver or gold. Ibn Batuta noticed that, in Bengal, people described gold coins (dinar) as gold tanka and silver coin as silver tanka. In other words, whatever might be the metallic content of the coin, the people called it taka. This tradition has been followed to this day in Assamese, Oriya and Bengali speaking regions like Bangladesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Assam.
The taka became Bangladesh's currency in 1972, replacing the Pakistani rupee at par.
3 孟加拉塔卡 - Denominations
- 1 poisha (rarely circulated)
- 5 poisha (rarely circulated)
- 10 poisha (rarely circulated)
- 25 poisha(not widely circulated)
- 50 poisha(not widely circulated)
- 1 taka
- 2 taka
- 5 taka
- 5 taka
- 10 taka
- 20 taka
- 50 taka
- 100 taka
- 500 taka
In the late 90's, the government issued polymer 10-taka notes as an experiment (similar to the Australian dollar). They proved unpopular, however, and were withdrawn later. At present, the 1-taka and 5-taka notes are gradually being replaced with coins.
The 1 and 2 taka notes are issued by the Government of Bangladesh. The rest of the notes are issued by Bangladesh's central bank, the Bangladesh Bank.
4 孟加拉塔卡 - 孟加拉塔卡樣幣
5 孟加拉塔卡 - 孟加拉塔卡鑄幣