查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格，又稱金德爾伯格，美國紐約人。曾獲哥倫比亞大學博士學位，麻省理工大學經濟系資深教授，國際貨幣問題專家，擅長從歷史角度研究經濟問題，第二次世辦大戰後馬歇計劃的主要構建者之一。 1966年，當選美國經濟學會副會長，1980年當選該協會傑出會員，1984年當選該學會會長。1978年獲德國基爾世界經濟研究院的哈爾姆斯獎，1983年獲得亞當·斯密獎 (NABE)。
1 查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格 - 查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格簡介
Charles Poor "Charlie" Kindleberger (October 12, 1910 – July 7, 2003) was a historical economist and author of over 30 books. His 1978 book Manias, Panics, and Crashes, about speculative stock market bubbles, was reprinted in 2000 after the dot-com bubble. He is well known for hegemonic stability theory.
2 查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格 - Life
His earliest book was International Short-Term Capital Movements (1937).
Kindleberger during the course of his life worked for several American institutions, such as the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (1936-1939), the Bank of International Settlements in Switzerland (1939-1940), and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (1940-1942).
In 1945-1947 he served at the Department of State (Acting Director, Office of Economic Security Policy), and shortly (1947-1948) as counselor for the European Recovery Program.
As a 'historical' economist (or economic historian), Kindleberger relied on narrative exposition and knowledge of history rather than mathematical models to prove his point.
Kindleberger described his around-the-clock work to develop and launch the Marshall Plan with singular passion in a 1973 interview.
'We were conscious of a great sense of excitement about the plan. Marshall himself was a great, great man -- funny, odd but great -- Olympian in his moral quality. We'd stay up all night, night after night. The first work ever done that I know about in economics on computers used the Pentagon's computers at night for the Marshall Plan. I had a tremendous sense of gratification from working so hard on it,' Kindleberger said.
Kindleberger was on familiar terms with noted economists and was a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University (A.M., Ph. D.), later rising to the eminent position of Ford International Professor of Economics at MIT.
He attended Kent School in Kent, Connecticut.
Born in New York City, New York Kindleberger was married to the late Sarah Kindleberger, and had four children: Charles P. Kindleberger III of St. Louis, MO; Richard S. Kindleberger of Cambridge, MA; Sarah Kindleberger of Lincoln, MA; and E. Randall Kindleberger of Machias, ME.
3 查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格 - The World in Depression
His 1973 and 1986 book The World in Depression 1929-1939 (University of California Press, 1986 Revised and Enlarged Edition) advances an idiosyncratic, internationalist view of the causes and nature of the Great Depression. Blaming the peculiar length and depth of the Depression on the hesitancy of the US in taking over leadership of the world economy when Britain was no longer up to the role after WWI, he concludes that 'for the world economy to be stabilized, there has to be a stabilizer--one stabilizer', by which, in the context of the interwar years at least, he means the United States. In the last chapter 'An Explanation of the 1929 Depression' Kindleberger lists the five responsibilities the US would have had to assume in order to stabilize the world economy:
1. maintaining a relatively open market for distress goods;
2. providing countercyclical, or at least stable, long-term lending;
3. policing a relatively stable system of exchange rates;
4. ensuring the coordination of macroeconomic policies;
5. acting as a lender of last resort by discounting or otherwise providing liquidity in a financial crisis.
Kindleberger is highly sceptical of Friedman and Schwartz's monetarist view of the causes of the Depression, seeing it as too narrow and perhaps dogmatic, and dismisses what he characterises as Samuelson's 'accidental' or 'fortuitous' interpretation out of hand. The World in Depression was praised by John Kenneth Galbraith as 'the best book on the subject'.
4 查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格 - Works
- Manias, Panics, and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises (Wiley, 2005, 5th edition)
- World Economic primacy: 1500 - 1990 (Oxford University Press, 1996)
- "The Benefits of International Money." Journal of International Economics 2 (Nov. 1972): 425-442.
- American Business Abroad (New Haven, London, 1969)
- Europe's Postwar Growth. The Role of Labor Supply (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1967)
- Europa and the Dollar (Cambridge, Massachusetts, London, 1966)
- Foreign Trade and the National Economy (Yale, 1962)
- International Economics (Irwin, 1958)
- Economic Development (New York, 1958)
5 查爾斯·P·金德爾伯格 -金德爾伯格的主要著作