標籤: 暫無標籤

非婚生子女(俗稱私生子,為有輕蔑侮辱意味的用法)是在受胎期間或出生時(各地法律定義有別),其生父生母無婚姻關係的子女。由於法律上對婚生和非婚生子女的保護程度有別,故有區分的實益。

1單詞

發音
【拼音】sī shēng zǐ
【英語】sideslip,love child
【廣義】非婚生子女,在中國法律和婚生子女保護程度不同,但有同等權利繼承遺產。

2私生子

現況
近年來由於親屬法的立法基本精神已經由原本的家長(父)本位、家本位,漸漸演進到子女本位,即以保護子女為優先價值,加上以同居代替結婚、婚外情和未婚產子的情況日漸普遍,故婚生與非婚生子女的劃分價值已經越來越低且不必要,因此也有學者主張應該停止區分。
身份證明
中華人民共和國還不准許發給私生子有關證明,現在只有在香港或國外出生的嬰兒,才能拿到身份證明。

3英文介紹

illegitimate children
Thus illegitimacy has affected not only the "illegitimate" individuals themselves. The stress that such circumstances of birth once regularly visited upon families, is illustrated in the case of Albert Einstein and his wife-to-be, Mileva Marić, who — when she became pregnant with the first of their three children, Lieserl — felt compelled to maintain separate residences in different cities.
By the final third of the 20th century, in the United States, all the states had adopted uniform laws that codified the responsibility of both parents to provide support and care for a child, regardless of the parents' marital status, and gave "illegitimate" as well as adopted persons the same rights to inherit their parents' property as anyone else. Generally speaking, in the United States, "illegitimacy" has been supplanted by the concept, "born out of wedlock."
A contribution to the decline of "illegitimacy" had been made by increased ease of obtaining divorce. Prior to this, the mother and father of many a child had been unable to marry each other because one or the other was already legally bound, by civil or canon law, in a non-viable earlier marriage that did not admit of divorce. Their only recourse, often, had been to wait for the death of the earlier spouse(s).
Today, in the Western world, the assertion that a child is less entitled to civil rights, or abides in a state of sin, due to the marital status of its parents, would be viewed as dubious. Many religions continue to regard premarital or extramarital sex as a sin, but generally do not hold that a resultant child itself dwells in a state of sin.
Nevertheless, the late-20th-century demise, in Western culture, of the concept of "illegitimacy" came too late to relieve the contemporaneous stigma once suffered by such creative individuals, born before the 20th century, as Leone Battista Alberti, Leonardo da Vinci , Erasmus of Rotterdam, d'Alembert, Alexander Hamilton, Sarah Bernhardt, TE Lawrence or Stefan Banach.
Despite the decreasing legal relevance of illegitimacy, an important exception may be found in the nationality laws of many countries, which discriminate against illegitimate children in the application of jus sanguinis, particularly in cases where the child's connection to the country lies only through the father. This is true of the United States [1] and its constitutionality was upheld by the Supreme Court in Nguyen v. INS, 533 US 53 (2001). [2]
The proportion of children born outside marriage varies widely between countries. In Europe, figures range from 3% in Cyprus to 55% in Estonia. In Britain the rate is 42% (2004). The rate in Ireland is 31.4%, close to the European average of 31.6% [3].
History shows striking examples of prominent persons of "illegitimate" birth. Often they seem to have been driven to excel in their fields of endeavor in part by a desire to overcome the social disadvantage that, in their time, attached to illegitimacy. Examples include Henry Morton Stanley, the explorer of Africa.
Parental responsibility
In the United Kingdom the notion of bastardy was effectively abolished by The Children Act 1989, which came into force in 1991. It introduced the concept of parental responsibility, which ensures that a child may have a legal father even if the parents were not married. It was, however, not until December 2003, with the implementation of parts of The Adoption and Children Act 2002 [4], that parental responsibility was automatically granted to fathers of out-of-wedlock children, and even then only if the father's name appears on the birth certificate.
Recently, some people in the United States have taken to stigmatizing the parents, rather than the child, by labeling the parents as "Bastard Parents," because it is the parents who are ultimately responsible for the actions that caused an out-of-wedlock pregnancy. Conservative cultural commentator and radio talk-show host Michael Medved advocates this stigmatization, especially in the case of "Celebrity Bastard Parents."

4其他相關

電影
影片名稱:《 私生子》 /壞蛋
主要演員:肯尼·約翰遜尼娜·扎瓦瑞
電影類型:動作片
出產地區:歐美
劇情介紹
兩個墨西哥非法移民在洛杉磯干零活為生。一名男子提議付給他們一大筆錢,讓他們去殺死他的妻子...
劇本《私生子》

小仲馬

  小仲馬

劇本《私生子》,由法國著名小說家小仲馬所著。而小仲馬本身就是其父親大仲馬的「私生子」。
相關故事:
法國作家小仲馬(1824-1895)寫了一個劇本《私生子》,結尾有兩句頗有深意的台詞:
父:當我們兩個人單獨在一起時,你一定允許我叫你「兒子」的。
子:是,叔叔!
但當劇本即將公演時,劇院老闆卻要求去掉這兩句對話,改成父子熱烈的擁抱。小仲馬不答應,他說:「我就是為這兩句台詞,才寫這個劇本的。」因為劇本的故事就蘊含著他自己的身世。
上一篇[《油脂》]    下一篇 [池城]

相關評論

同義詞:暫無同義詞