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積極人格,具有對持續的體驗和其內在因緣產生興趣,思索新穎而有價值的方法來產生概念和做事情的優點。

1 積極人格 -積極人格的特徵優勢

  The VIA Signature Strength Survey is a 240 question survey that has been taken by hundreds of thousands of people. The VIA Signature Strengths Survey measures 24 character strengths that are taken from Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and Classification by Christopher Peterson and Martin E. P. Seligman, Oxford University Press, 2004. The 24 character strengths are listed below. The results page will show you your 5 greatest character strengths.

  「VIA特徵優勢調查」是一份面向成千上萬的人們的由240個問題組成的調查。VIA特徵優勢調查測量了從許多種人格優點和品德中選出的24種人格優勢——成書為由克里斯托弗·彼德遜和馬丁·E.P.·瑟里格曼編寫的、牛津大學出版社2004年出版的一本手冊和分類指南。這24種人格優勢羅列於下,結論那頁會顯示出你的5種最強的人格優勢。

  Creativity (originality, ingenuity):

  Thinking of novel and productive ways to conceptualize and do things.

  創造力(原創性,獨創性):思索新穎而有價值的方法來產生概念和做事情。

  Curiosity (interest, novelty-seeking, openness to experience):

  Taking an interest in ongoing experience s afor its own sake; exploring and discovering

  好奇心(興趣,尋找新事物,開放式體驗):對持續的體驗和其內在因緣產生興趣;進行探索和發現。

  Open-mindedness (judgment, critical thinking):

  Thinking things through and examining them from all sides; weighing all evidence fairly.

  頭腦開明(判斷力,批判性思維):通過全方位測驗來思考事物;公平權衡所有的根據。

  Love of learning:

  Mastering new skills, topics, and bodies of knowledge, whether on one's own or formally.

  愛學習:掌握新的技能、話題以及知識本體,不管是出於自願還是形式要求。

  Perspective (wisdom):

  Being able to provide wise counsel to others; having ways of looking at the world that make sense to oneself and to other people

  洞察力(智慧):能對他人提出明智的建議;能著眼於對己對人有意義的世界。

  bravery (valor):

  Not shrinking from threat, challenge, difficulty, or pain; acting on convictions even if unpopular.

  勇敢(勇氣):不畏威脅、挑戰、困頓或苦痛;依覺悟而行,不論其是否被普遍認同。

  Persistence (perseverance, industriousness):

  Finishing what one starts; persisting in a course of action in spite of obstacles.

  持久(有毅力,刻苦發奮):做事有始有終;堅持行為方向,不論障礙險阻。

  Integrity (authenticity, honesty):

  Presenting oneself in a genuine way; taking responsibility for one's feeling and actions

  正直(可靠,誠實):自我表現誠懇;對自己的感覺和行為負責。

  Vitality (zest, enthusiasm, vigor, energy):

  Approaching life with excitement and energy; feeling alive and activated

  有活力(熱情,積極,有魄力,有精力):使生活充滿激情和能量;感覺活躍、活潑。

  Love:

  Valuing close relations with others, in particular those in which sharing and caring are reciprocated.

  愛:珍愛與他人的親密關係,尤其是那些其中相互分享、相互關照的。

  Kindness (generosity, nurturance, care, compassion, altruistic love, 「niceness」):

  Doing favors and good deeds for others.

  善良(慷慨,關懷,關照,同情,無私的愛,「美好的事物」):為他人幫忙、做好事。

  Social intelligence (emotional intelligence, personal intelligence):

  Being aware of the motives and feelings of other people and oneself.

  社會智商(情緒智商,個人智商):了解他人以及自己的目的和感覺。

  Citizenship (social responsibility, loyalty, teamwork):

  Working well as a member of a group or team; being loyal to the group.

  公民權(社會責任,忠誠,團隊協作):作為集體或團隊中的一員好好工作;對集體忠誠。

  Fairness:

  Treating all people the same according to notions of fairness and justice; not letting personal feelings bias decisions about others.

  公正:依照公平和正義的觀念平等對待所有人;不要讓個人感覺誤導對他人的判定。

  Leadership:

  Encouraging a group of which one is a member to get things done and at the same maintain time good relations within the group.

  領導能力:促進集體,使個人在其中作為成員能完成事情並且同時維持良好的集體關係。

  Forgiveness and mercy:

  forgiving those who have done wrong; accepting the shortcomings of others; giving people a second chance; not being vengeful

  寬恕和仁慈:寬恕做錯事的人;接納他人的短處;給予他人第二次機會;不心懷報復。

  Humility / Modesty:

  Letting one's accomplishments speak for themselves; not regarding oneself as more special than one is.

  謙虛/謙遜:讓人的成績說話;不自大。

  Prudence:

  Being careful about one's choices; not taking undue risks; not saying or doing things that might later be regretted.

  謹慎:細心於自己的選擇;不要冒不當的風險;不說也不做會事後後悔的事。

  Self-regulation (self-control):

  Regulating what one feels and does; being disciplined; controlling one's appetites and emotions.

  自律(自控):管理自己的感覺和行為;守紀律;控制自己的慾望和情緒。

  Appreciation of beauty and excellence (awe, wonder, elevation):

  Appreciating beauty, excellence, and/or skilled performance in various domains of life.

  欣賞美麗和卓越(敬畏,讚歎,上進):欣賞美麗、卓越以及/或在生活的不同領域的嫻熟表現。

  Gratitude:

  Being aware of and thankful of the good things that happen; taking time to express thanks.

  感恩:知道並感謝發生的好事情;多多表達謝意。

  Hope (optimism, future-mindedness, future orientation):

  Expecting the best in the future and working to achieve it.

  希望(樂觀,為未來打算,為未來定向):對將來有最好的展望,並努力實現它。

  Humor (playfulness):

  Liking to laugh and tease; bringing smiles to other people; seeing the light side.

  幽默(愛玩):喜歡笑,喜歡逗樂;給他人帶來歡笑;看事物的光明面。

  Spirituality (religiousness, faith, purpose):

  Having coherent beliefs about the higher purpose, the meaning of life, and the meaning of the universe.

  精神信仰(虔誠,守信,有追求):有對更高追求、生活意義以及宇宙意義的信仰。

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