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軟體包(SoftWare Package)是指具有特定的功能,用來完成特定任務的一個程序或一組程序。可分為應用軟體包和系統軟體包兩大類。

中科永聯高級技術培訓中心(www.itisedu.com

      軟體包(SoftWare Package)是指具有特定的功能,用來完成特定任務的一個程序或一組程序。可分為應用軟體包和系統軟體包兩大類。應用軟體包與特定的應用領域有關,又可分為通用包及專用包兩類。通用軟體包根據社會的一些共同需求開發,專用軟體包則是生產者根據用戶的具體需求定製的,可以為適合其特殊需要進行修改或變更。

      軟體包這一術語出現於20世紀60年代。60年代初,IBM公司曾將IBM1400系列上的應用程序庫改造成更為靈活易用的軟體包形式。 Informatics公司根據用戶需求,以包的形式設計並開發了自動流程圖生成包AUTOFLOW。1969年,軟體開始從計算機系統中分離出來成為獨立成分,軟體包這個術語開始廣泛使用。

      軟體包由一個基本配置和若干可選部件構成,既可以是源代碼形式,也可以是目標碼形式。用戶手冊和指南等文檔是軟體包的重要組成部分。此外,軟體包的維護及技術支持也是非常必要的
 
      軟體包是對於一種軟體所進行打包的方式。在不同的操作系統中,軟體包的類型有很大的區別。

對於Linux、BSD系統
      在Linux、BSD系統中,軟體包主要以兩種形式出現:二進位包以及源代碼包。 主要的二進位包格式有:

      rpm
      deb
      Autopackage
      源代碼包則主要適用於自由軟體的安裝,用戶需要自己編譯它們。

對於Windows系統
      在Windows中,軟體包大多數以安裝程序的方式出現,可以將軟體安裝在制定的目錄中,也有直接使用壓縮工具打包的,解壓縮之後便可運行。

IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems 軟體包由下列 CD 組成:

IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems for AIX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems for Solaris, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems for HP-UX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems for Linux on xSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems for Linux on zSeries(R), Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems for Linux on pSeries and ISERIES, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems Framework Support, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager for Operating Systems Language Support, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for AIX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for Solaris, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for HP-UX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for Linux on xSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for Linux on zSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for Linux for pSeries and iSeries, Version 5.1

IBM Tivoli Access Manager Base for Windows NT, Windows XP, Windows
2000, and Windows 2003, Version 5.1

IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server for AIX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server 1 of 2 for Solaris , Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server 2 of 2 for Solaris , Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server for HP-UX , Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server for Linux on xSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server for Linux on zSeries, Version 5.1

IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server for Linux for pSeries and iSeries,
Version 5.1


IBM Tivoli Access Manager Directory Server for Windows 2000 and Windows
2003, Version 5.1

IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for AIX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for Solaris, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for HP-UX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for Linux on xSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for Linux on zSeries, Version 5.1

IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for Linux on pSeries
and iSeries, Version 5.1


IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for Windows 2000,
Version 5.1


IBM Tivoli Access Manager Web Administration Interfaces for Windows 2003,
Version 5.1

IBM Tivoli Access Manager WebSphere Fix Pack for AIX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager WebSphere Fix Pack for Solaris , Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager WebSphere Fix Pack for HP-UX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager WebSphere Fix Pack for Linux on xSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager WebSphere Fix Pack for Windows 2000, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for AIX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for Solaris, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for HP-UX, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for Linux on xSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for Linux on zSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for Linux on pSeries and iSeries, Version 5.1
IBM Tivoli Access Manager Language Support for Windows NT, Windows XP, Windows 2000, Windows 2003, Version 5.1

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