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露絲·鮑爾·賈華拉

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露絲·鮑爾·賈華拉,生於德國科隆,猶太人,英國作家。曾於1975年獲布克獎,亦於1986年及1992年分別兩次拿下奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎。

露絲·鮑爾·賈華拉(Ruth Prawer Jhabvala,1927年5月7日-),CBE,英國作家。曾於1975年獲布克獎,亦於1986年及1992年分別兩次拿下奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎。

目錄
1 生平
1.1 事業
2 主要作品
2.1 長篇及短篇小說
2.2 劇本
3 提名及獲獎
3.1 獲獎
3.2 提名
4 外部鏈接
4.1 生平 
 

 生平
生於德國科隆,猶太人,1939年因納粹黨奪得德國政權而舉家逃往英國,1948年獲英國籍。1951年於倫敦大學瑪麗皇後學院畢業,獲英語文學碩士學位;同年與一名印度建築師Cyrus H. Jhabvala結婚,其後二人移居印度德里,育有三名女兒。1975年賈華拉搬往紐約,后歸化美國籍。 

  事業
賈華拉與莫香特·艾佛利電影製作公司(Merchant Ivory Productions)長期合作。該公司由電影導演詹姆斯·艾佛利(James Ivory)以及後來加入的製片人伊斯梅爾.莫爾昌特(Ismail Merchant)所組成,因善於用唯美手法把描述二十世紀初英國的小說搬上銀幕而聞名,旗下作品更曾拿下六座奧斯卡金像獎;他們三人亦因此被稱之為「三頭神」(但他們其實沒有一個是土生土長的英國人)。

小說代表作為《熱與塵》(暫譯,原名Heat and Dust),也即是1975年的布克獎得主;亦把不少以英國中上流社會為背景的小說改編成劇本,更因改編E·M·福斯特的《霍華茲莊園》及《看得見風景的房間》為劇本而兩次獲得奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎。 

  主要作品
 長篇及短篇小說
To Whom She Will (1955; published in the United States as Amrita)
The Nature of Passion (1956).
Esmond in India (1958)
The householder (1960),
Get Ready for Battle (1962)
Like Birds, Like Fishes (1963)
A Backward Place (1965)
A Stronger Climate (1968)
A New Dominion (1972; published in the United States as Travelers)
Heat and Dust (1975)
An Experience of India (1971)
How I Became a Holy Mother and other stories (1976),
In Search of Love and Beauty (1983)
Out of India (1986)
Three Continents (1987)
Poet and Dancer (1993)
Shards of Memory (1995)
East Into Upper East: Plain Tales from New York and New Delhi (1998)
My Nine Lives (2004) 
  劇本
年份 電影 備註
中文譯名 原名
2008 The City of Your Final Destination screenplay, adapted from the novel by Peter Cameron
2003 Le Divorce co-written by James Ivory, adapted from the novel by Diane Johnson
2000 The Golden Bowl screenplay, adapted from the novel by 亨利·詹姆斯
1998 A Soldier's Daughter Never Cries screenplay, adapted from the novel by Kaylie Jones
1996 Surviving Picasso screenplay
1995 Jefferson in Paris written by
1993 《長日將盡》 The Remains of the Day screenplay, adapted from the novel by 石黑一雄
1992 《此情可問天》 Howards End screenplay, adapted from the novel by E·M·福斯特
1990 《末路英雄半世情》 Mr. and Mrs. Bridge screenplay, adapted from the novels by Evan S. Connell ("Mr. Bridge" & "Mrs. Bridge")
1988 Madame Sousatzka screenplay, adapted from the novel by Bernice Rubens. Directed by John Schlesinger
1985 《看得見風景的房間》 A Room with a View screenplay, adapted from the novel by E·M·福斯特
1984 The Bostonians screenplay, adapted from the novel by 亨利·詹姆斯
1983 Heat and Dust screenplay, adapted from the novel by Jhabvala
1981 Quartet screenplay, adapted from the novel by Jean Rhys
1980 Jane Austen in Manhattan written by, inserted libretto "Sir Charles Grandison" by 簡·奧斯丁
1979 The Europeans screenplay, adapted from the novel by 亨利·詹姆斯
1978 hullabaloo Over Georgie and Bonnie's Pictures written by
1977 Roseland story and screenplay
1975 Autobiography of a Princess written by
1972 Bombay talkie screenplay
1969 The Guru screenplay
1965 Shakespeare wallah screenplay
1963 The Householder screenplay, adapted from the novel by Jhabvala 

  提名及獲獎 
  獲獎
2003: O. Henry Prize Winner for "Refuge in London"
1994: Writers Guild of America's Screen Laurel Award
1992: 奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎 - 《此情可問天》
1987: Writers Guild of America - Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium for: 《看得見風景的房間》
1986: 奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎 - 《看得見風景的房間》
1984: British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) - Best Screenplay - Adapted for: Heat and Dust
1984: London Critics Circle Film Awards - Screenwriter of the Year for: Heat and Dust
1984: MacArthur Fellowship
1975: 布克獎 - Heat and Dust (novel)
 提名
1993:奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎 - 《長日將盡》(The Remains of the Day) 
 
 生平
SAWNET biography
莫香特·艾禾里電影製作公司介紹
生平
文學百科全書生平
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