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1函數

功 能
取文件指針的當前位置
程序例
#include
#include
#include
#include
int main(void)
{
int handle;
char msg[] = "Hello world";
if ((handle = open("TEST.$$$",O_CREAT | O_TEXT | O_APPEND)) == -1)
{
perror("Error:");
return 1;
}
write(handle,msg,strlen(msg));
printf("The file pointer is at byte %ld\n",tell(handle));
close(handle);
return 0;
}

2英語

tell的短語
all told
總共,一共,共計
Do tell!
不見得吧! 真沒想到! 有這種事! 我不信! (驚訝,不快或恐懼等)
Don't tell me! (=Never tell me! T-me[us] another! You don't tell me!)
[口]不見得吧! 靠不住吧! 別瞎扯了! 哪有這種事!
for what I cantell
據我所知[所了解的]
hear tell (of)
聽人談起[說過]
I (can) tell yon (=let me tell you)
我敢說; 確實
I told you so.
我早就跟你說過了。(意指我沒說錯,你偏不聽)
I('ll) tell you what.
[口]你聽著,讓我告訴你; 我告訴你一個好主意[辦法]
I'm telling you.
[口]我說的是真的[沒錯]; 你放心
take a telling
[口]耐心傾聽別人的規勸[責備]
There is no telling.
無法知道; 難以預料。
You're telling me.
[口]我完全同意你; 這不用你說! 我早就知道了; 你說著玩吧! 不見得吧!
You can never tell. (=You never cantell.)
誰也不知道; 誰也沒把握。
tell against (sb.)
成為對(某人)不利的證據
tell apart
分清,區分
tell down
[蘇]付(錢)
tell good-bye
[美]告別,告辭
tell it like it is
說實話
tell off
數,計算
分派,分配(工作)
責備
tell on
告發; 說...壞話; 對...有影響,影響到...
tellover
數一數
tell sb. straight
直率地[老實地]告訴某人
tell sb. where to get off [to head in]
[口]使某人有自知之明,叫某人不要太狂妄
tell的含義
及物動詞vt.
⒈ 告訴;講述,說[O1][O5][O6][(+about/of/to)]
He told us how the accident happened.
他告訴我們那次事故是怎麼發生的。
She told me that she would be back in an hour.
她告訴我她一個小時內就會回來。
Did he tell you when to start out?
他有沒有告訴你什麼時候出發?
I told her my telephone number before we parted.
我們分手前,我把電話號碼告訴了她。
⒉ 吩咐,命令[O2][O6]
Tell him not to come tomorrow.
叫他明天別來。
I told her to wait.
我叫她等一等。
⒊ 顯示,顯露[O5][O6]
She cracked a smile that told her joy.
她綻出笑容,顯露內心的歡樂。
⒋ 識別;辨別[O5][O6][O][(+from/apart)]
I really can't tell which is which.
我實在看不出哪個是哪個。
⒌ (常用過去時)忠告,警告[Y][O2][+(that)]
I told you not to do that,and now look what's happened!
我警告過你不要干此事,你瞧現在出事了。
⒍ 向...告發[(+on)]
不及物動詞vi.
⒈ 講述[(+of/about)]
The book tells of his sister's life in Japan.
這本書談及他妹妹在日本的生活情況。
⒉ 識別;判定
It's too early to tell.
現在要作出判斷為時過早。
⒊ 產生效果;發生影響[(+on)]
Strain began to tell on his health.
過度勞累開始影響他的健康。
⒋ 【口】告發[(+on)]
詞語辨析
say,speak,talk,tell
這組詞的共同含義是「說,告訴」。其區別是:say指「說出」,著重指說出具體的內容,一般用作及物動詞,後面的賓語是所說的話; speak指「說話,發言」,著重開口說話的動作,一般用作不及物動詞,其賓語通常是表示某種語言名稱的詞; talk指「講話,談論」,意思與speak相近,在一些情況下可以通用,通常talk用作不及物動詞; tell指「告訴」,是直接給對方講或以間接的方式轉訴某事,在多數情況下,tell的後面通常接雙賓語,在少數情況下可用簡單賓語。試體會下面這幾個詞的用法和含義:He had talked for a long time,but he spoke so fast that we couldn't catch what he said.他講了很長時間,但他說得太快了,我們沒聽清他講了些什麼。
Mr. Green was invited to speak〔talk〕 to us on Greek philosophy.格林先生應邀給我們講希臘哲學。 He told me the news.他告訴了我這個消息。
He told me that he was coming.他告訴我說他就來。

正誤解析

⒈他告訴我們他通過了考試。
[誤] He told that he had passed the exam.
[正] He told us that he had passed the exam.
[析] tell后不能直接接從句表示「告知某人某事」時,須接雙賓語,即tell sb sth。
⒉老師叫我們不要吵鬧。
[誤] The teacher told us don't make any noise.
[正] The teacher told us not to make any noise.
[析] 「告訴某人不要做某事」,英語用「tell sb not to do sth 」,即用不定式作複合賓語。
⒊說實在話,我不太想去看演出。
[誤] Telling the truth,I'm not very interested in going to the show.
[正] To tell the truth,I'm not very interested in going to the show.
[析] to tell the truth常在句中作插入語,這是一種固定表達方式,不用分詞短語。
⒋正如我昨天告訴你的,他在會上站起來說話卻不知所云。
[誤] As I spoke to you yesterday,he got up to speak and said nothing at the meeting.
[正] As I told you yesterday,he got up to speak and said nothing at the meeting.
[析] 說出具體的內容要用動詞tell,而speak只表示說話的動作而不涉及內容。
⒌不要說謊話!
[誤] Don't say lies!
[正] Don't tell lies!
[析] say與tell相比較,只有tell才能和有祈使語氣的話連用。
⒍她說:「我要走了。」
[誤] She told,「I am leaving.」
[正] She said,「I am leaving.」
[析] tell後面一般要加說話的對象(人稱代詞),然後再加說話的內容; 而say可以直接加內容。
⒎簡和薩長得這麼相像,只有她們的母親才分得清她們。
[誤] They are so alike that only their mother can tell Jane and Sar.
[正] They are so alike that only their mother can tell Jane and Sar apart.
[正] They are so alike that only their mother can tell Jane from Sar.
[析] 「把…分得清楚,把…辨別開」英文用tell...from...或tell...and... apart表示。
⒏每個學生都能講述他在考試前的緊張心情。
[誤] Every student can tell his nervousness before the examinations.
[正] Every student can tell of his nervousness before the examinations.
[析] tell 作為「告訴,講述」講,用在能講完整的事物前,如story,news,truth,lie,opinion,views等時是及物動詞; 用在不能講清楚或講完整的事物前,是不及物動詞,後面要跟of或about。
⒐他告訴了我有關這所名牌大學的一些消息。
[誤] He told me some information about this prestigious university.
[正] He gave me some information about this prestigious university.
[析] 可以說give sb information,supply〔provide〕 sb with information,但不能說tell sb information。
⒑她查看約翰的手掌,給他算命。
[誤] She inspected John's palm and said his fortune.
[正] She inspected John's palm and told his fortune.
[析] 表示「(給某人)算命」,要說 tell sb's fortune,不可以說 say sb's fortune。
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